Unit 2: Communication Complete Solutions

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Ways with words

A. The words in the crossword puzzle are from the text. Find them in the text to solve the puzzle based on the clues given below.

Down:
1. to be preoccupied with a single topic or emotion → obsessed
3. to move slowly and quietly in a particular direction → creep
4. orderly, logical, and consistent → coherent

Across:
2. to utter rapidly or unintelligible → babble
5. to insert something between other things → interpose
6. an unreadable handwriting → squiggle

B. Use the following words in sentences of your own.

1. Massive: He died in a massive landslide.
2. Consciousness: He moaned with pain before losing consciousness.
3. catch-as-catch-can: We went hitchhiking for a week and lived catch-as-catch-can.
4. Give up: I’m too close to my goals to give up now.
5. Abandon: As a baby, he was abandoned by his mother.
6. Lousy: He blamed his sister for a lousy weekend.
7. Editing: Editing videos require a lot of effort, time, and skill.

C. Word formation: Adjectives and Adverbs

b. Write the following words in the right columns. Change the adjectives into adverbs and noun into adjectives.
AdjectivesAdverbs
CarefulCarefully
PerfectPerfectly
AutomaticAutomatically
CertainCertainly
FairFairly
GeneralGenerally
ProudProudly
RapidRapidly
ProperProperly
FinalFinally
CommonCommonly
BeautifulBeautifully
FrequentFrequently
HeavyHeavily
HungryHungrily
NounsAdjective
RainRainy
BushBushy
SpiceSpicy
SnowSnowy
BloodBloody
CloudCloudy
BagBaggy
MoodMoody
AirAiry
CreamCreamy
DustDusty
IceIcy
FunFunny
EaseEasy
HandHandy
OilOily
GreedGreedy
HealthHealthy
HillHilly
c. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate adjective or adverb.

i. Pramila is playing quietly (quiet/quietly).
ii. Hari speaks very loudly (loud/loudly).
iii. Mukesh is a careful (careful/carefully) driver.
iv. The test was easy (easy/easily) and we finished in time.
v. He is fitting the automatic (automatic/automatically) door in my house.
vi. My uncle speaks perfect (perfect/perfectly) Chinese.
vii. It was raining very heavily (heavy/heavily).
viii. She looked very calm (calm/calmly), but I am sure she was feeling very nervous.

Comprehension

Answer the following questions.

a. Why is freewriting also called automatic writing?
Freewriting is also called ‘automatic writing’ because it is a continuous process of writing which is free from spellings, grammar and topics.

b. How do you differentiate writing from speaking?
Writing is editable and can be made more logical but it’s not possible in speaking. Writing is something evidential because it can be examined in future too but speaking is non evidential.

c. What is the biggest obstacle in the writing process, according Elbow? Do you agree with him? Why? Why not?
The biggest obstacle in the writing process are the thoughts like what to write, contemplation of wrong grammar, wordiness of right editing etc. according to Elbow. I favor his words. If writer started caring about his grammar, spelling, coherence, and editing from the very first, he can’t express his intentions and ideas properly, and can’t efficiently freewrite.

d. How can freewriting overcome ‘writer’s block’?
Writers block are thoughts like what to write, how to write coherently, how to write right words and so on. such methods tend to be writing than freewriting. But freewriting allows writer to write whatever he/she want without any limitations. Hence freewriting helps overcome the writer’s block.

e. What do you mean by ‘voice’ in writing?
Words, vocabularies, and writing style is considered as voice in writing.

f. Elbow uses a simile to explain that freewriting “is like writing something and putting it in a bottle in the sea.” What does this mean? Explain.
If we put something in a bottle and put it in the sea, nobody will go to the sea again in search of that bottle and see what’s inside that. Similarly, if we write something in our copy and leave that, it won’t be examined by anybody else later.

Critical thinking

a. How does the author persuade readers in this essay? What is he trying to communicate to the readers?
The author here in this essay has suggested several things for improving writing skills for all his readers. According to him, the best way to improve writing skills is freewriting. Freewriting should be done repeatedly to improve writing skills. He calls it automatic writing where a writer can express his feelings spontaneously. Freewriting never accepts feedback. He also adds that the most important part of freewriting is “don’t change”. For him, editing is the biggest obstacle in the writing process. Compulsive and premature editing habits hinder the writer’s creativity. The writing process becomes difficult as well as dead through the editing process. For writers, freewriting should be kept away from the editing process that gets in the way fo the author’s authentic feeling and natural way. Accoring to him, the main source of strength in our writing is the “voice” which includes sound, rhythm, and plot. It is the power that makes the reader listen to the writer. It is the energy that pushes meaning into the thick skull.

b. Elbow said, freewriting “is an exercise in bringing together the process of producing words and putting them down on the page.” Do you agree with his statement? Why? Why not?
Yes, I agree with his statement. The main thing about freewriting is that it is not editable. This will make the writing less bogged down because the words will be easier to enter. Freewriting is like our hidden voice that comes naturally when we start. We started producing words naturally. This is sound, plot, and rhythm and is the main source of strength in our writing. A massive and complex series of edits was the biggest obstacle to the writing process, according to Elbow. Therefore, he asks us to start writing freely without considering the results. We just generate the words and write on the page. When we forget about editing, our freewriting becomes fluid. This helps us the next time when we start writing freely.

c. How did you learn to write? What was particularly difficult in writing? What inspired you to write? What are some of the challenges that you still face while writing?
I learnt to write by practicing freewriting on different topics that I was passionate about, and also the topics that were provided by my English teacher. The most difficult thing in writing, for me, was to start writing. I felt a lot of friction to begin the writing. Then I started doing things repeatedly. Every time I wrote, the writing became better and better. I created a blog page and started writing and publishing blog articles on a daily basis. Written articles related to stories, reports, news, etc. inspired me to write.

Writing

C. Write a paragraph on any one of the following topics.

a. My School Library

My school library is a storehouse of books. It has a lot of different genres of books. There are different subjects’ books in my school library. Students can get books issued with their library card. Thre are also many journals and magazines in my school library. Books and journals are issued for 14 days, they they should renew for next 14 days or can get other books. There are several study cabins where students can sit and read in peace. There also are some computers in the library which can be used by the students for studying purpose. The books are categorized according to their genres.

b. Moral Value I Like Most

Moral values are the basis of human civilization that has brought us this far. It has taught us culture, manner, and the art of living. Moral values that I like most are contained abundantly with the quality of speaking nice words and listening properly. The one who speaks good things is considered as a good person by almost everyone. It helps us build relationships and networks that are impactful. Speaking goods things also help create a positive vibe and surrounding wherever we go. Likewise, another moral value I highly appreciate is the ability of listening. These days, the majority of people just want to speak about themselves. But allowing someone else speak and you listening to them, I think, is very powerful. When we listen to someone properly we are not only allowing them to open up and enhance our connection, but we are also giving ourselves the opportunity to learn about or from someone. These conversations can provide us with life-changing takeaways. Thus, I personally consider the skill to speak good things and ability to listen to others as the ‘moral values I like most.’

Grammar

B. Rewrite the following sentences with the adverbs in the appropriate place.

i. I watch television. (often)
I often watch television.

ii. Have you been to Janakpur? (ever)
Have you ever been to Janakpur?

iii. They play football on Saturday. (sometimes)
They sometimes play football on Saturdya.

iv. The weather is bad in November. (always)
The weather is always bad in November.

v. We have fish for dinner. (seldom)
We seldom have fish for dinner.

vi. Pritam doesn’t get up before seven. (usually)
Pritam usually gets up after seven.

vii. I was very tired and I was hungry. (also)
I was very tired and I was also hungry.

viii. Did you enjoy the flight? (both)
Did you both enjoy the flight?

C. Rewrite the following sentences placing the underlined words in the right position.

i. I never have understood her.
I have never understood her.

ii. We are often invited to the parties.
We are invited often to the parties.

iii. We all were tired, so we all fell asleep.
We were all tired, so we all fell asleep.

iv. Rajan drives always to work.
Rajan always drives to work.

v. Pradip hardly ever watches television, but he reads newspapers a lot.
Pradip hardly ever watches television, but he reads newspapers a lot.

vi. We enjoyed very much the party.
We enjoyed the party very much.

vii. My brother speaks fluently English.
My brother speaks English fluently.


Feel free to drop a comment down below if you get any confusion. In the mean time, you can read these articles.

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Suraj Chaudhary is the founder of HighApproach, a student, a web designer, and a writer who is figuring things out.

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